Since the dawn of the motor age, the use of motorized vehicles has grown steadily. The geometric design of streets and intersections are mostly designed to speed up traffic. Most often conflicts between different street users happen on intersections. Roundabouts are possibly the cheapest, safest and aesthetically pleasing form of traffic control for many intersections. Roundabouts reduce vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-pedestrian conflicts, and significantly decrease traffic speed, crash frequency and severity.

As the speed of motorized vehicles decreases, the level of pedestrian comfort increases considerably. When determining the appropriate traffic speeds for a street several aspects need to be taken into account: role and responsibility of the street, including the type and intensity of land use, urban form, the overall safety and comfort of pedestrians and bicyclists, and desirable activities on the sidewalk, for example, if an outdoor dining area is planned. The speeds of vehicles impact all street users and the livability of the surrounding area. Lower speeds decrease the number of accidents and injuries.

The most important benefit of traffic calming is increased SENSE OF SAFETY. Traffic calming measures need to be considered in streets where pedestrians have priority - high streets, streets along water bodies and living streets.

The rise in private vehicle usage in urban areas not only increases the number of conflicts between street users, but also intensifies one of the most important urban issues - car parking. The main problems are that car parking requires considerable space and has a negative impact on the visual appearance of streetscape. There are many ways to tackle this problem, most notably using greenery to soften the visual appearance of parking spaces. Instead of asphalt or monolithic concrete one can use eco-cobbles, a solution that ensure sustainable storm water management and is appealing to the eye as well. On days when parking spaces are left empty, they can be used for other activities, such as outdoor cafes, sports games or as a market space.

Since the dawn of the motor age, the use of motorized vehicles has grown steadily. The geometric design of streets and intersections are mostly designed to speed up traffic. Most often conflicts between different street users happen on intersections. Roundabouts are possibly the cheapest, safest and aesthetically pleasing form of traffic control for many intersections. Roundabouts reduce vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-pedestrian conflicts, and significantly decrease traffic speed, crash frequency and severity.

As the speed of motorized vehicles decreases, the level of pedestrian comfort increases considerably. When determining the appropriate traffic speeds for a street several aspects need to be taken into account: role and responsibility of the street, including the type and intensity of land use, urban form, the overall safety and comfort of pedestrians and bicyclists, and desirable activities on the sidewalk, for example, if an outdoor dining area is planned. The speeds of vehicles impact all street users and the livability of the surrounding area. Lower speeds decrease the number of accidents and injuries.

The most important benefit of traffic calming is increased SENSE OF SAFETY. Traffic calming measures need to be considered in streets where pedestrians have priority - high streets, streets along water bodies and living streets.

The rise in private vehicle usage in urban areas not only increases the number of conflicts between street users, but also intensifies one of the most important urban issues - car parking. The main problems are that car parking requires considerable space and has a negative impact on the visual appearance of streetscape. There are many ways to tackle this problem, most notably using greenery to soften the visual appearance of parking spaces. Instead of asphalt or monolithic concrete one can use eco-cobbles, a solution that ensure sustainable storm water management and is appealing to the eye as well. On days when parking spaces are left empty, they can be used for other activities, such as outdoor cafes, sports games or as a market space.